Organizing committee of the International Symposium in response to numerous requests of scientists, interested in participation in the Symposium, prolongs the dead-line for abstracts submission till 09.03.2012
One of the most important impulses of space activity is the wish of expanding the scopes of scientific investigations and providing obtaining of new knowledge. The problem of biomedical support of a Martian manned expedition is a new task, as it has a series of major differences from the orbital flight of comparable duration.
One of the most important conditions for its investigation and solving is organization and conduction of ground-based experimental investigations in conditions of isolation with participation of investigators-volunteers in pressurized environment, comparable on volume to the habitable modules of manned ships, in conditions of artificially regulated habitat, allowing to work out preliminary and to approbate a set of medical, technical and organizational activities, providing creation and maintenance of normal conditions of vital activity, preservation of physical and psychic health at all the stages of performance of the flight program.
In the Institute of biomedical problems of RAS in the period from 1967 to 2000 several tens of scientific experiments were conducted with the duration from 25 to 370 days. They allowed to investigate very different factors of long space flights – from testing of separate systems on regeneration of water and atmosphere to the isolation itself, influence of weightlessness and investigation of interaction in international crews.
In the period from 2007 to 2011 a many-staged project “Mars-500” was conducted, the third stage of which, 520-day isolation, was successfully completed on November 4, 2011.
The aim of the project is investigation of the system “humans-environment” and obtaining of experimental data about the state of health and working capacity of the crew, staying for a long time in conditions of isolation in pressurized confined environment during simulation of the main peculiarities of the Martian flight (over-duration, autonomy, communication delay with Earth, limitation of the expendables).
Among the aims of the project there are the following ones: to determine if such a flight is feasible from the point of view of psychology and physiology (at the acceptable level of simulation) and to work out definite requirements for a real expeditionary ship, that will fly to Mars.
A logical continuation of “Mars-500” project will be international scientific symposium “Mars-500”, that will take place in Moscow from April 23 to 25, 2012 in the Russian academy of sciences. Leading scientists from the whole world, working in the sphere of cosmonautics and space medicine will gather on the Symposium.